justify the title 'the last lessons'?

1 answers.

The story ‘The Last Lesson’ highlights the human tendency that there is plenty of time to do things; hence, man keeps postponing the lessons of life, oblivious to the fact that life is subject to change. The people of Alsace always thought they had plenty of time to learn the lessons; therefore, they did not give much importance to school. They preferred their children to work on the farms and mills instead of having them learn the lessons. Even Franz, the narrator, always looked for opportunities to skip the school and collect birds’ eggs. However, the unexpected happens and an order is received from Berlin regarding compulsory teaching of German in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine. It is then that they realise that they would be deprived of what they had been evading all this while.

The last French lesson taught by M. Hamel symbolizes the loss of language and the loss of freedom for France. It becomes an emotional lesson rendered by M. Hamel to the villagers, signifying the changing order of life and its impact on the sensibilities and emotions of people. The marching soldiers under the windows represent the dawn of Prussia in France, defeat of the French people and the resultant threat to their language and culture.

The story is aptly titled as it evokes the consciousness in the reader not to put off things and do what one can do that day. M. Hamel’s bold ‘Long live France’ on the blackboard becomes substantial evidence of his sadness, patriotism and finality that is reflected in his motionless posture, his fixed gaze on things in the classroom and his eventual words- ‘School is dismissed – You may go’.


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franz thinks,"will they make them sing in german ,even the pigeons?" what could this means?

1 answers.

The Alsace and Lorraine districts were under the regime of France. During the Franco-Prussian war in which France was defeated by Prussia led by Bismarck and both these districts have passed into Prussian hands. Earlier they were learning their own language, French. As per new set up, an order was passed that German was to be taught in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine.M. Hamel who had been teaching the French for the last forty years. In his last lesson he told that from the next day in the schools of both districts would teach only German instead of French from a new teacher. They won’t be learning their own most beautiful, clearest and logical language. He told the importance of their own language, this feeling of M. Hamel aroused their patriotic feelings. There came a sudden change in Franz. He disliked learning German. He heard and saw the pigeons. He immediately remarked: “Will they make them sing in German, even the pigeons?” It is meant that the German can impose German language on the people of Alsace and Lorraine but they can’t impose this language on the birds etc. They can enslave the people but have no authority to compel the cooing pigeons.


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franz thinks,"will they make them sing in german ,even the piegeons?"what could this mean?

5 answers.

He was reffering to the fact that the Germans were forcing them to change their mother tongue. Will they be so cruel as to steal the language of the pigeons, their singing.

A shadow of disbelief conquered Franz when he came to know that M. Hamel is leaving school and from next day he would be tought in German. He realised the importance of mother tongue and felt sorry for not learning his lessons . He also undestood that mother tongue is the only force that can break the chains of slavery. Suddenly his heart was full of respect for Hamel who had served for his school for forty years.

The Alsace and Lorraine districts were under the regime of France. During the Franco-Prussian war in which France was defeated by Prussia led by Bismarck and both these districts have passed into Prussian hands. Earlier they were learning their own language, French. As per new set up, an order was passed that German was to be taught in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine.M. Hamel who had been teaching the French for the last forty years. In his last lesson he told that from the next day in the schools of both districts would teach only German instead of French from a new teacher. They won’t be learning their own most beautiful, clearest and logical language. He told the importance of their own language, this feeling of M. Hamel aroused their patriotic feelings. There came a sudden change in Franz. He disliked learning German. He heard and saw the pigeons. He immediately remarked: “Will they make them sing in German, even the pigeons?” It is meant that the German can impose German language on the people of Alsace and Lorraine but they can’t impose this language on the birds etc. They can enslave the people but have no authority to compel the cooing pigeons.


plz tell me the short sumaary of ''the last lesson'' of flamingo book

1 answers.

Franz unwilling to attend Mr. Hamel’s Class: Mar Franz was not among the bright students in his class particularly in the class of French language. Mr. Hamel, the teacher was going to ask questions on Participles and he knew little about them. Moreover the beautiful natural scenes around there tempted him to bunk the class. Moreover it was bright sunshine, the birds were chirping, the Prussian soldiers were drilling in the open. Crowd in front of the bulletin board: It was the usual sight in front of the bulletin board at the Town Hall. People would come there to know about the updates of the war and their fate. On that day it was more shocking for the villagers as German language was imposed to be taught in their schools in place of their mother language. A Sunday morning atmosphere in the school: It was an unusual atmosphere in the school. Instead of great hustle and bustle, opening and closing of the desks and the sound of students repeating the lessons in unison, and the usual rapping of teacher’s ruler, there was a Sunday morning silence. Franz had thought to take the cover of these actions to enter the class without being noticed. Mr. Hamel welcomed Franz: But to his surprise he found the class busy. The teacher was in his best dress. He was wearing a beautiful green coat and a frilled shirt. He had a little black silk cap. He would never wear it except on inspection or prize days. In the back of the class village people were sitting on the back benches as quiet as the children. They included old Hauser, the former Mayer, the former postmaster and many others. Hauser had brought a primer with him. Mr. Hamel welcomed Mr. Franz in the class just saying “Go to your place quickly, a little Franz. We were beginning without you.” The last lesson: In the class Mr. Hamel asked Franz to recite the rules for Participles.” but Franz got mixed with the words. But to his surprise Mr. Hamel did not scold him. He just said it is a bad habit to say ‘I’ll learn it tomorrow.’ Mr. Hamel blamed Franz’s parents as they were more interested to put him to some work and thus have a little more money. He blamed himself too as he often sent him to water his flowers instead of teaching and for giving him holidays on the pretext of going for fishing. Mr. Hamel gave his last lesson on grammar. It seemed that he wanted to put everything about the language in the minds of the people in one stoke. Mr. Hamel had brought new copies. It was pin drop silence except the cooing of the pigeon. Mr. Hamel mocked the Prussian emotionally saying “will they make them sing in German, even the pigeons.” Franz’s regret: when Mr. Hamel announced that it was his last French lesson, it was like a thunderclap. He found himself regretting for not learning his lessons. His books always seemed to him a nuisance. He wanted to learn but the teacher was going away forever. But to his surprise he was able to understand everything about the lesson taught on that day. He started liking Mr. Hamel he forgot about his ruler and crankiness. He realized that he had never listened carefully and that the teacher had never explained everything with so much patience. He wanted to stop him but he could not do so. It was too late to make thing lovable again. Emotional farewell: Mr. Hamel had deep love for French in his heart. He was annoyed at the people to be called Frenchmen while they did not know how to read and write French. He called it most beautiful and logical language in the world. He asked the people to guard it in their hearts as he thought “long as the enslaved people held fast to their language, it was as if they had the key to their prison. Just then the church bell struck twelve. With a chocked throat Mr. Hamel wrote ‘long Live Franc!’ on the black board. He made a gesture with his hand: “school is dismissed-you may go.” Mr. Hamel-A conventional and cranky school teacher Mr. Hamel has all the good and bad qualities of a conventional teacher. He loves to be strict and disciplined. He always keeps his terrible ruler under his arm. He wanted his students to be punctual and follow the usual school norms. He asks the students to learn their lesson with heart. He does not encourage a weak student but rather he gives him holidays on the pretext of going for fishing. He loves to be admired and appreciated as he wears best of his dresses on inspection days. An emotional and patriot Frenchman: as he comes to know the German has ordered to stop teaching French he becomes sentimental. He wants to make his last lesson unforgettable. He puts on his best dress and hat. He does not scold any one and not even to Franz. He feels sorry for the village people as they did not know how to read and write their mother language. He exhort them to guard it in their hearts as he thought “as long as the enslaved people held fast to their language, it were as if they had the key to their prison.” Just then the church bell struck twelve. With a chocked throat Mr. Hamel wrote ‘long Live France!’ on the black board. He made a gesture with his hand: “school is dismissed-you may go.”


what was franz expected to be prepared with for school that day?

1 answers.

Franz was expected to be prepared the topic of ‘participles’ for school that day. But he did not know even the first word about them. So he was under great dread of being scolded by his teacher, M.Hamel.


what was franz expected to be prepared with school that day?

1 answers.

That particular day, Franz was expected to be prepared with 'participles' as Mr. Hamel, the French teacher, was going to question the students on this topic in grammar.


what was the importance of french language? why was franz even more surprised when he entered the class?

2 answers.

What was the importance of french language?

The French language according to M.Hamel is the most beautiful language in the world in terms of its clarity and its logic.

Just as any mother tongue is paramount to its people, so is French to Franz and the rest of the students in his class. It is of greater relevance , now that they were being enslaved and forced into learning German, they needed to guard their language and hold on to it and is metaphorically the key to their freedom.

Why was Franz even more surprised when he entered the class?

Franz was firstly surprised that usual bustle and commotion when school began were missing and that there was a deafening silence in its place. He was also surprised to hear M.Hamel speak kindly to him in spite of him being late.

After he got over his fear of reprimand, he saw that his teacher had on his beautiful green coat, his frilled shirt, and the little black silk cap, all embroidered, that he never wore except on inspection and prize days. But the thing that surprised Franz the most was that the back benches that were always empty were filled with the village people sitting quietly just like themselves – but strangely solemn and sad.

Apart from French being the most logical and beautiful language in Hamel's perception, it was their mother tongue and their native language. It was important to them because it was a part of their identity and a integral part of who they were.

Franz expected to hear a lot of commotion as usual at the time as students would be talking to each other fitting into their places arranging desks and books. However, he hears only silence is thus surprised on entering the class. Also, he observes that Hamel is wearing fine clothes which are usually reserved for special events.


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