The two major ways of increasing production and production yield are ‘Multiple cropping’ and ‘Modern farming methods’. The difference between these two methods is -
Multiple Cropping: To grow more than one crop on a piece of land during the same year is called as ‘Multiple cropping’. With the improvement of irrigational facilities as a result of better availability of electricity, farmers are able to grow two main crops i.e. Kharif (rice, millets, maze etc.) and Rabi crops (wheat, barley, etc.). Many farmers are also growing a third crop i.e. potato, in between these two.
Modern Farming Methods: In some parts of the country like Punjab, Haryana etc. farmers have increased their production by using modern scientific methods which include using High Yielding Varity (HYV) of seeds, more fertilizers, pesticides, improved irrigation techniques and also time-saving heavy duty machineries like, threshers, tractors, harvesters etc.