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AIEEE - Physics
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PHYSICS AND MEASUREMENT
Physics, technology and society, S I units, Fundamental and derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and
non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion,
velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and Vectors
Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of
a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.
LAWS OF MOTION
Force and Inertia, Newton's First law of motion; Momentum, Newton's Second Law of Motion
Newton's Third Law of Motion. Law of Conservation of linear momentum and its applications
Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
Static and Kinetic friction, Laws of friction, rolling friction
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications
WORK, ENERGY AND POWER
Work done by a constant force and a variable force; Kinetic and potential energies, Work energy theorem, Power
Potential energy of a spring, Conservation of Mechanical energy, Conservative and non conservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and variable dimensions
Centre of mass of a two-particle system
Centre of mass of a rigid body
Basic concepts of rotational motion
moment of a force, torque, angular momentum
conservation of angular momentum and its applications
moment of inertia, radius of gyration
Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications
Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion
The universal law of gravitation
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite
PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUID
Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications
Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number
Bernoulli’s principle and its applications.
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact application of surface tension - drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat
Heat transfer conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling.
zeroth law of thermodynamics
concept of temperature
Heat, work and internal energy
First law of thermodynamics.
. Second law of thermodynamics
Carnot engine and its efficiency
KINETIC THEORY OF GASES
Equation of state of a perfect gas
work doneon compressing a gas
Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, concept of pressure
Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules
Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy,applications to specific heat capacities of gases
Mean free path, Avogadro’s number
OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES
Periodic motion - period, frequency, displacement as a function of time
Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation
phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force
constant; energy in S.H.M. - kinetic and potential energies
kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period
Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance
Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves
speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a speed of a wave.
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves
Standing waves in strings and organ pipes
fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
Electric charges: Conservation of charge
Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges
forces between multiple charges
superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge
Electric field lines
Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole
Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long
uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell
Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge
electric dipole and system of charges
Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field
Conductors and insulators
Dielectrics and electric polarization
combination of capacitors in series and in parallel
capacitance of a parallel
plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates
Energy stored in a capacitor.
Drift velocity, Ohm’s law
Resistances of different materials
V-I characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors
Electrical energy and power
Colour code for resistors
Series and parallel combinations of resistors
Temperature dependence of resistance
Elect ric Cell and it s Internal resistance
potential diff erence and emf of a cell
combination of cells in series and in parallel
Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications
Wheatst one bridge, Metre bridge.
Pot entiomet er - principle and it s applicat ions.
MAGNETIC EFFECTS OF CURRENT AND MAGNETISM
Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere
Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment
Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines;
Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferro- magnetic substances
Magnetic susceptibility and permeability
Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets
ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law
induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law
Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage
reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit
resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits,
wattless current. AC generator and transformer.
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves
infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays). Applications of e.m. waves.
Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces
Total internal reflection and its applications
Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism
Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens
Combination of thin lenses in contact
Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifyingpowers
Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle
Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle
Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width.
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum
Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes
Polarisation, plane polarized light
Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
DUAL NATURE OF MATTER ANDRADIATION
Dual nature of radiation.
Photoelectric ef fect , Hertz and Lenard’s observat ions
Einst ein’s photoelect ric equation
part icle nature of light
Matter waves- wave nature of part icle
de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment.
ATOMS AND NUCLEI
Alpha-particle scattering experiment
Rutherford’s model of atom, Bohr model
energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes , isobars, isotones
Radioactivity alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
Radio active decay law.
Mass-energy relation,mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number nuclear fission and fusion.
Semiconductors; semiconductor diode
I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier
I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode
Zener diode as a voltage regulator
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor
transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere
Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation
Amplitude and Frequency Modulation
Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium
Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).
Familarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities
1. Vernier Calliperse its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel
2. Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire.
3. Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between squareof amplitude and time
4. Metre Scale - mass of a given object by principle of moments.
5. Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
6. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
7. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
8.Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time
9. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
10. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
11. Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.
12. Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law
13. Potentiometer –
(i) Comparison of emf of two primary cells.
(ii) Determination of internal resistance of a cell.
14. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
15. Focal length of:
(i) Convex mirror
(ii) Concave mirror, and
(iii) Convex lens using parallax method
16. Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
17. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
18. Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
19. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
20. Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.
21. Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
22. Using multimeter to:
(i) Identify base of a transistor
(ii) Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor
(iii) See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED.
(iv) Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).
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